What are the Cenotes?

Swim in a cenoteIt can be a very enriching experience, but have you ever wondered how these wonders of nature originated?

These magical spaces created by nature, gained these forms thanks to the calcareous soil that exists in the Yucatan Peninsula, this soil absorbs rainwater, storing it in the subsoil to create flooded caves over the years, also known as true oases invite locals and strangers to immerse themselves in its fresh and crystalline waters to discover the flora and fauna found in these magical wells.

The cenotes and the Mayan civilization

Called Cenotes thanks to the Mayan word tz’onot which means “abyss”, they were sacred places where all kinds of rituals and ceremonies were practiced. The life of the Mayans revolved around the sacred cenotes since they located their temples on the shores of these wonders natural to give them all kinds of offerings in exchange for the vital element: water.

The age of the Cenotes

The age of the cenotes is represented by their formation If you visit some underground cenotes, you will be inside one of the youngest cenotes that mostly connects with the sea, the clarity of its waters varies according to the minerals existing there.A semi-open cenote has a middle age, most of them are of fresh water and the water is crystal clear, let’s not forget the vast flora and fauna that live in them; these cenotes are perfect to practice diving or snorkel
The cenotes open in their entirety are the oldest, these were originally underground cenotes, but with the passage of time the walls eroded and lost strength, leaving this natural paradise outdoors.


Besides having crystal clear and fresh waters; The cenotes have stalactite formations, thanks to the drops of water that, when falling, dissolve the limestone rock and create these “rocks” that are generated over time, leaving forms worthy of an artist. The formation of stalactites requires a long period of time, to grow 2.5 cm it takes between 4,000 to 5,000 years.

Diving in the cenotes

Enjoy the wonders that the cenotes offer, this experience is more enjoyed by the professionals, Aquaworld is the perfect option for you to do your first diving experience or practice a little certified diving.
Tajma Ha, located very close to Puerto Aventuras is the Cenote that together with Aquaworld you can visit in a comfortable, easy and fun way.

Thousands of cenotes in southern Mexico

Most of these sacred sites are in Yucatan and range from 7,000 to 8,000 sacred wells, however in Quintana Roo it has not been possible to accurately account for all the cenotes due to the growth of vegetation around them.

The best known of the Riviera Maya are the cenotes of: Siete Bocas, Chac Mool, Ponderosa, Cristalino, Chi kin-Ha, Azúl, Tajma Ha, Aktun Chen, Xunaan Ha, Tak Be Ha, Dos Ojos, Manatee, Nohoch Nachich, Skeleton, Gran Cenote, Carwash, Cristal, Escondido, Ik Kil and Angelita.